Wednesday, 16 May 2012

Women Empower in Iindia

UNDP data: (2011)

Adult literacy rate: 62.8%
Male literacy rate: 82,14%
Female literacy rate: 65.46%
Gender gap rate: 16.68% 


Women in workforce:
13,9% in urban sector.
29,9% in rural sector.


245 million Indian women lack basic capability to read and write.


70% of the 1.2 billion people living in poverty in the world are female.

The principle of gender equality is stated in the Indian Constitution in its preamble, fundamental rights, fundamental duties, and Directive principles. However, women represent the majority of the population below the poverty line and are very often in situations of extreme poverty.
The status of women in India is a paradox. While some women are achieving professional success, others are still far from getting a school diploma. In India, there are 930 women per 1000 men, which is way below the world average of 990/1000. Data from the Census of India 2001 and the Human Development report 2001 shows that the male-female ratio is still lower than it was 100 years ago. Plus, in societies where men and women are treated equally, women tend to outlive and outnumber men.
This situation enlightened above does not happen in India due to problems women face. Such as mal nutrition, poor health, maternal mortality, mistreatment, poor health, maternal mortality, overworking, lack of power, bad marriage, dowry, female infanticide, divorce and lack of education.
In India, from medieval times women were dismissed from studying due to the preception that women need only household education. And nowadays that still happens in villages of India, where girls are destined to fulfill domestic duties. And although  this situation has changed in urban areas, 70% of the population still lives in rural areas of India, where they are still in medieval times. That leads to terrifying numbers:

 67% of 875 million of illiterate adults, are women.3 out of 5 women in southern asia are still illiterate.
60% of the 130 million children in the age group of 6-11 years that dont go to school are girls.

The main reasons for not sending girls to school are, firstly, poor economic condition, secondly, the far off location of schools. Parents are concerned girls might loose their purity and virginity when given the opportunity to leave for school, where they will be in touch with other boys and men.
The lack of education is a severe issue in India because it leads to several other issues, An uneducated person does not know about deadly diseases or hygiene, which may lead poor health of the whole family.
In that sense, Empower Pragati fights against women disadvantage, also youth disadvantage by giving them a well structured skill training,
This training allows women and the young aged to be employed in the service sector, that has experienced a boom in the last years. The service sector has a high demand for capable workers, so that way, those well trained men and women are placed in multinationals.
Empower Pragati trains nowadays 9500 people per year and will train 2 million people within the next 10 years. Together with the national skill development corporation and other institutions, empower represents the concrete action to overcome this devastating situation for women and also for youth. 

No comments:

Post a Comment